Ocular rosacea is a subtype of rosacea that affects the eyes, and it can cause symptoms such as redness, itching, burning, and a gritty sensation in the eyes. Treatment for ocular rosacea typically includes a combination of the following:
- Topical eye drops: Artificial tears, lubricants, and anti-inflammatory medications such as cyclosporine (Restasis®) and azithromycin (AzaSite®) may be prescribed to reduce inflammation, dryness, and discomfort in the eyes.
- Oral antibiotics: Oral antibiotics such as tetracyclines and macrolides, such as doxycycline and azithromycin, can be effective in reducing the inflammatory symptoms of ocular rosacea.
- Lid hygiene: Keeping the eyelids clean and free of excess oil and bacteria can help to reduce the symptoms of ocular rosacea. This may involve using warm compresses, eyelid scrubs, and cleaning the eyelashes with a solution of baby shampoo and water.
- Avoiding triggers: Triggers such as sun exposure, wind, and high temperatures, can worsen the symptoms of ocular rosacea. Avoiding these triggers and protecting the eyes with sunglasses or goggles can help to reduce symptoms.
- Treating underlying rosacea: Treating the underlying rosacea can also help to reduce the symptoms of ocular rosacea. This may include topical medications such as metronidazole, azelaic acid, and ivermectin, as well as oral medications such as isotretinoin and oral antibiotics.
It's important to work with a healthcare professional, such as an ophthalmologist or optometrist, to determine the best treatment option for you and to monitor the progress of the treatment.
It's important to note that ocular rosacea is a chronic condition, and treatment may need to be continued for an extended period, even when symptoms are not present, to prevent relapses.
Last updated : 1/27/2023