Isotretinoin, previously marketed as Accutane, is a medication that is used to treat severe cystic acne that has not responded to other treatments.
Isotretinoin is a form of vitamin A and works by reducing the size and activity of the oil glands in the skin, which helps to reduce the amount of oil produced. This helps to decrease the number of acne lesions, including whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.
Isotretinoin also has anti-inflammatory properties and can help to unblock and shrink the pores in the skin. It also helps to reduce the number of bacteria that can cause acne, and it may also help to reduce the formation of scars.
Isotretinoin is typically taken orally and is usually prescribed for a course of treatment lasting four to five months. It is a powerful medication and should only be used under the supervision of a dermatologist.
Because of its potential side effects, including birth defects, women of childbearing age must use two forms of birth control while taking isotretinoin and have regular pregnancy tests. Isotretinoin also causes dry skin, chapped lips, and increased sensitivity to the sun.
Last updated : 1/25/2023